LIBERALISM made the modern world, but the modern world is turning against it. Europe and America are in the throes of a popular rebellion against liberal elites, who are seen as self-serving and unable, or unwilling, to solve the problems of ordinary people. Elsewhere a 25-year shift towards freedom and open markets has gone into reverse, even as China, soon to be the world’s largest economy, shows that dictatorships can thrive.

In their different ways Rousseau, Marx and Nietzsche rejected all these ideas. Rousseau doubted that progress takes place at all. Marx thought progress is ordained, but that it is generated by class struggle and revolution. Nietzsche feared that society was descending into nihilism, but appealed to the heroic übermensch in each person as its saviour. Those coming after them did terrible things in their name

ERITREA, one of Africa’s newest countries, was born in battle. First it fought for 30 years to break away from Ethiopia, its bigger neighbour to the south, achieving that goal in 1993. In 1998 it was embroiled in another bloody war that cost perhaps 70,000 lives after it invaded Ethiopia over a trifling border dispute. A decade later it invaded tiny Djibouti over an argument about whether the border ran along the top or sides of some hills in the desert

Executives at DP World argue that Africa needs many more ports—especially in the Horn, where conflict has stifled trade. Ethiopia, populous and fast-growing, lost its coastline when Eritrea broke away in 1991. Its 105m people rely on Djibouti for 95% of their trade. Farther inland, countries such as South Sudan, Uganda and Rwanda struggle to reach markets. DP World thinks the region from Sudan to Somalia needs 10-12 ports. It has just half that. “The whole Horn of Africa is short of ports. It’s stifling,” says one executive.

Eritreans have lived under a virtual state of emergency since then.
Severxal governmeznt ministers, military generals and prominent officials demanded the constitution’s implementatizon, following the signing of an earlier peace agreement with Ethiopia, in 2000.
The government ignored their demand and, instead, detained 11 of them. They include three former foreign ministers – Mahmoud Ahmed Sherifo, Petros Solomon and Haile Woldetensae. They have never been charged or convicted and their whereabouts remain unknown.

ሰውኣትና ዘኪረ ንውሽጢ ነቢዐ
ትካለይ ፈሪሱ ዳግም ተወቒዐ።

ልምዓትና ይቐፅል ንትከሎም ፈልስና
ኢድንኢድ ንታሓዝ ነጥፍእ ፀላእትና
በትሪ ሓፂን ንኹን ዋርድያ ሃገርና
ሎሚ’ውን ይደገም ቅያ ወለድና።

Since the border has already been virtually demarcated, peace should, in principle, require no more than the withdrawal of Ethiopia’s troops. Unfortunately, that’s the part that will be the most difficult — for reasons that have nothing to with Abiy or with Eritrea. Although it might seem shocking to outside observers, there is a very clear reason why both leaders are suddenly so eager to cooperate. They are united by the presence of a still-potent mutual enemy: the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

አስተዋዩ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ብዙ ነገሮችን እየታዘበ ነው፡፡ በየቦታው የሚፈጸሙ በደሎችና ኃጢያቶች ለጊዜው የተሸፋፈኑ ቢመስሉም፣ ከሕዝብ ዓይን የተሰወሩ አይደሉም፡፡ በሴራና በአሻጥር ፖለቲካ ልክፍት ውስጥ ያሉ ወገኖች ሕዝብን ቢያከብሩ ጥሩ ነው፡፡ ይህ የተከበረ ሕዝብ እየተናቀ የሚፈጸሙ በደሎችና ግፎች በፍጥነት ሊቆሙ ይገባል፡፡ በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ ግጭቶችን መቀስቀስና የንፁኃንን ሕይወት መቅጠፍ የሚያስከፍለው ዋጋ ከሚገመተው በላይ እንደሚሆን ማሰብ ይገባል፡፡

Diplomatic sources suggest he held talks in Washington at which both sides were represented. The Eritrean minister of foreign affairs, Osman Saleh, is said to have been present, accompanied by Yemane Gebreab, president Isaias’s long-standing adviser. They are said to have met the former Ethiopian prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, laying the groundwork for the deal. Yamamoto visited both Eritrea and Ethiopia in April.

“The patriot says, ‘I love my country,’ works for its good, and defends it if necessary–against enemies within and without. He strives and prays not primarily that God will bless his country, but that his country will bless God. The nationalist, meanwhile, says, ‘My country is better than yours.’ ‘My country is the greatest there has ever been.’ ‘The greatest nation on God’s green earth.’ ‘They hate my country because it is so good.’”

Mobs take prisoners. Movements take time.
A real movement does not merely attract people who have come to see the show but creates a sense of membership. A true movement is an alliance of people who share each other’s dissatisfaction with the present state of affairs and also share deeply held values.

“LIKE Sarajevo, 1914,” said the late Ethiopian prime minister, Meles Zenawi, of the first gunshots fired on May 6th 1998. “An accident waiting to happen.” Neither he nor his counterpart in neighbouring Eritrea, Isaias Afwerki, imagined that a light skirmish at Badme, a border village of which few had heard, could spiral into full-scale war. But two years later about 80,000 lives had been lost and more than half a million people forced from their homes

THE speed of events caught Ethiopians off guard. When Abiy Ahmed took office as prime minister on April 2nd he did so as the head of a deeply divided ruling coalition. The inexperienced 42-year-old, who came from the Oromo wing of the ethnically based coalition, was viewed with deep suspicion by many of his establishment colleagues. He was taking charge of a country under a state of emergency after more than three years of anti-government protests and ethnic unrest. Few expected him to achieve much soon.

ሲጠራ አቤት ብሎ የተማረ
ሲልኩት ወዴት ብሎ የዘመረ
ሲያዙት አንዴት ብሎ የመረመረ
ሲመረጥ ተመርቆ
ከልቡ አይርቅም ርቆ
ውሉን አይስትም ረቆ

They were genuine revolutionaires who were  wished their country the best. Many came from the well-to-do famiies or well placed in society. They were doctors, lawyers, engineers, university lecturers, pharmacists, geologists, economists, accountants, businessmen, nurses, military officers, and students.

የቱ ይሆን ኩኒኔው፣ የትኛው ነው ፅድቁ?
የምድሩ የቅርቡ፣ የሰማዩ የርቁ?
በእንጀራ በጠላ በሥጋ ሢሣይ፣
አካል ብቻ እንጂ፣ ነብስ አታድግም ወይ?

በነዘህላል ለነሩኩባት
ዘመን ለቆጠርኩባት
ትላንት…ትላንት
ዳግም ባገኘኃት
ሳይመሽብኝ በጠየቁዃት
የምሬን ባጫውትካት።

ምንም ነን አንድ ምንም
ሁሉንም ነን አንዱን ብቻ አናምንም
የምንቸረው የልንም እንጂ…
ከማንም ምንም…
ነውር ስለሆነ ብቻ ዘለልነው
ግን … ያለአንቀልባ በልብ አዘልነው

ጊዜ በረርክ በረርክ
ጊዜ በረርክ በረርክ
ግን ምን አተረፍክ
ግና ምን አጎደልክ?
ሞትን አላሸነፍክ
ሕይወትን አልገደልክ::

How Ethiopian prince scuppered Germany’s WW1 plans 25 September 2016 Share Related Topics World War One Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES A hundred years ago, the Ethiopian prince Lij Iyasu was deposed after the Orthodox church feared he had converted to Islam. But it also scuppered Germany’s plans to draw Ethiopia into World War One, writes Martin…